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Adv Pharm Bull. 2021;11(3): 414-425.
doi: 10.34172/apb.2021.049
  Abstract View: 206
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Review Article

The Beginning of a New Era: Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

Akshara Kumar ORCID logo, Shivaprasad Gadag, Usha Yogendra Nayak* ORCID logo

1 Department of Pharmaceutics, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576 104, India.

Abstract

The healthcare sector is considered to be one of the largest and fast-growing industries in the world. Innovations and novel approaches have always remained the prime aims in order to bring massive development. Before the emergence of technology, all the sectors, including the healthcare sector was dependant dependent on man power, which was time-consuming, and less accurate with lack of efficiency. With the recent advancements in machine learning, the condition is has been steadily revolutionizing. in the practice of the health care industry. Artificial Intelligence intelligence (AI) lies in the computer science department, which stresses on the intelligent machines’ creation, that work and react just like human beings. In simple words, AI is the capability of a computer program to think and learn, almost satisfying natural intelligence. It is the ability of a system to interpret the external data correctly, learn from it and finally use those learnings to execute some particular goals and tasks through adaptation. It utilizes multiple technologies to comprehend, act and understand from past experiences. Involving AI is not a science fiction that was once a very long time ago. It AI being an emerging technology has been adopted in various facets of healthcare ranging from drug discovery to patient monitoring. rapidly penetrated its wings developed itself into almost all the industries. Irrespective of the person’s background, whether he/she is a student, industry worker, an entrepreneur, or a scientist, having basic knowledge about the importance and applications of AI would be impactful. Currently, the applications of AI has have been expanding into those fields, which was once thought to be the only domain of human expertise such as health care sector.
In this review article, we have shedthrown light on the present usage of AI in the healthcare sector, such as its working, and the way this system is being implemented in different domains, such as drug discovery, diagnosis of diseases, clinical trials, remote patient monitoring, and nanotechnology. We have also slightlybriefly touched upon its applications in touching other sectors as well. The public opinions have also been analyszed and discussed along with the future prospects.The main goals have been briefed. prospects. We have discussed the Along with the merits, we have also discussed about and the other side of AI, i.e. the disadvantages of this as wellin the last part of the manuscript.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Healthcare, Drug discovery, Surgical robotics, Deep learning
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Submitted: 05 May 2020
Revision: 26 Jun 2020
Accepted: 15 Jul 2020
ePublished: 15 Jul 2020
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