Adv Pharm Bull. 2017;7(3): 399-408.
doi: 10.15171/apb.2017.048
PMID: 29071222
PMCID: PMC5651061
Scopus ID: 85030089865
  Abstract View: 2658
  PDF Download: 2774

Research Article

Pharmaceutical Cocrystal of Piroxicam: Design, Formulation and Evaluation

Prabhakar Panzade 1*, Giridhar Shendarkar 1, Sarfaraj Shaikh 2, Pavan Balmukund Rathi 2

1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Nanded Pharmacy College, Opp. Kasturba Matruseva Kendra, Shyam Nagar, Nanded, India.
2 Department of Pharmaceutics, Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy, Dr. Y. S. khedkar Marg, CIDCO, Aurangabad, India.
*Corresponding Author: Email: prabhakarpanzade@gmail.com


Purpose: Cocrystallisation of drug with coformers is a promising approach to alter the solid sate properties of drug substances like solubility and dissolution. The objective of the present work was to prepare, formulate and evaluate the piroxicam cocrystal by screening various coformers. Methods: Cocrystals of piroxicam were prepared by dry grinding method. The melting point and solubility of crystalline phase was determined. The potential cocrystal was characterized by DSC, IR, XRPD. Other pharmaceutical properties like solubility and dissolution rate were also evaluated. Orodispersible tablets of piroxicam cocrystal were formulated, optimized and evaluated using 32 factorial design. Results: Cocrystals of piroxicam-sodium acetate revealed the variation in melting points and solubility. The cocrystals were obtained in 1:1 ratio with sodium acetate. The analysis of Infrared explicitly indicated the shifting of characteristic bands of piroxicam. The X-Ray Powder Diffraction pattern denoted the crystallinity of cocrystals and noteworthy difference in 2θ value of intense peaks. Differential scanning calorimetry spectra of cocrystals indicated altered endotherms corresponding to melting point. The pH solubility profile of piroxicam showed sigmoidal curve, which authenticated the pKa-dependent solubility. Piroxicam cocrystals also exhibited a similar pH-solubility profile. The cocrystals exhibited faster dissolution rate owing to cocrystallization as evident from 30% increase in the extent of dissolution. The orodispersible tablets of piroxicam cocrystals were successfully prepared by direct compression method using crosscarmelose sodium as superdisintegrant with improved disintegration time (30 sec) and dissolution rate.Conclusion: The piroxicam cocrystal with modified properties was prepared with sodium acetate and formulated as orodispersible tablets having faster disintegration and greater dissolution rate.

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Submitted: 11 Feb 2017
Revision: 03 Aug 2017
Accepted: 04 Aug 2017
ePublished: 25 Sep 2017
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