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Adv Pharm Bull. 2021;11(4): 601-617.
doi: 10.34172/apb.2021.090
  Abstract View: 474
  PDF Download: 118

Review Article

Medicinal Plants in the Treatment of Hypertension: A Review

Raha Kamyab 1 ORCID logo, Hossein Namdar 2, Mohammadali Torbati 3* ORCID logo, Morteza Ghojazadeh 4, Mostafa Araj-Khodaei 1,5, Seyyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou 1* ORCID logo

1 Department of Persian Medicine, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran.
4 Research Center for Evidence Based Medicine (RCEBM), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
5 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Aging Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Seyyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou , Email: dr.fazljou@yahoo.com

Abstract

Traditional medicine is a comprehensive term for ancient, culture-bound health care practices that existed before the use of science in health matters and has been used for centuries. Medicinal plants are used to treat patients with cardiovascular diseases, which may occur due to ailments of the heart and blood vessels and comprise heart attacks, cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, and heart failure. Hypertension causes difficulty in the functioning of the heart and is involved in atherosclerosis, raising the risk of heart attack and stroke. Many drugs are available for managing these diseases, though common antihypertensive drugs are generally accompanied by many side effects. Medicinal herbs have several active substances with pharmacological and prophylactic properties that can be used in the treatment of hypertension. This review presents an overview of some medicinal plants that have been shown to have hypotensive or antihypertensive properties.
Keywords: Traditional medicine, Hypertension management, Herbal medicine, Persian medicine, Cardiovascular diseases

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Submitted: 25 Mar 2020
Revision: 28 Oct 2020
Accepted: 01 Nov 2020
ePublished: 01 Nov 2020
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